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Ancient Greece Gods


Interesting Fact: The Greeks believed the gods and goddesses had human qualities.

Religion was important to the ancient Greeks because they believed that it would make their lives better while they were living. They also believed the gods would take care of them when they died.

The Ancient Greeks believed in many different gods and goddesses. The Greeks believed that these gods and goddesses controlled everything in their lives and the environment. There was a god for every aspect of their lives. It was important to please the gods; happy gods helped you, but unhappy gods punished you. People had special places in their homes where they could pray to the gods. There were also public shrines in all sorts of places where people could pray and leave presents.


The Greeks, to show the gods how important they were, built temples in every town for one god or goddess. The temples were not like modern places of worship, for ordinary people to pray in. They were homes for statues of gods, which were cared for by priests. Religious ceremonies and festivals went on outside the temple.


Priests were important people in the community. They were believed to have the power to talk to the gods and so were respected and trusted.

There were only two ways you could become a priest. Either your mother or father was a priest or you were made a priest by a dying priest.

A priest main job was to look after the temples and the visitors to the temples.

Greek Gods

The Ancient Greeks believed that all the gods came from Gaia (the Earth) and Uranos (the sky).They thought they were like adult humans - always falling in love, arguing, having children, playing music and partying. Like the Romans, the Greeks believed that different gods were responsible for different things.

Click here for a list of the Greek Gods

Mount Olympus

The Greeks believed that twelve most important gods and goddesses lived at the top of Mount Olympus.They were a family and, just like a human family, they argued as well as looking after each other.

Mount Olympus, in northern Greece, is the highest mountain in the country. It was believed to be the home of the gods, because it was often so cloudy and no-one could see its summit.

Who was the ruler of the Greek gods?

The ruler of the gods was Zeus. His symbol was the thunderbolt.

Click here for a list of the Greek Gods

More Interesting Facts:

  • Many festivals were held in honour of the gods.
  • The Greeks built temples to be the gods and goddesses homes. The temples showed how wealthy and powerful the city was. Rich cities, like Athens, built temples of the best stone, and decorated them with paintings, statues and carvings.
  • People prayed and gave offerings to gods to grant their wishes; for a good harvest, a good journey, for their children to become beautiful etc

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