Greece is a small country in south east Europe.
Greece has an area of mainland, which is very mountainous, and hundreds of small islands dotted around in the Aegean and Ionian seas. There are about 140 inhabited islands in Greece, but if you count every rocky outcrop, the total surges to about 3,000. The largest island is Crete which is in the Mediterranean Sea.
The highest mountain in Greece is Mount Olympus (9,754 ft.), seat of the gods of Greek mythology. Mount Parnassus (7,066 ft.) has on its lower slope the ancient site of Delphi, once dedicated to the god Apollo and famous for its oracle.
The largest city and capital of Greece is Athens, with a population of over three million.
Greece has a total area of 131.957 square kilometers (50,502 square miles). This includes 1,140 square kilometers of water and 130,800 square kilometers of land.
The National Flag of Greece consists of four white and five blue alternating horizontal stripes, with a white cross on the upper inner corner.
The flag of Greece
Greece has a warm, sunny climate with temperatures that peak at about 33 C in the summer months of June, July and August, lowering to between 13 C and 15 C from December to February.
Rainfall in Greece peaks at about 65mm in December and January, but lowers to only 6mm in July and August.
- Capital: Athens
- Population: 10.9 million
- Population density (per sq km): 80
- Area: 131.957 sq km
- Coordinates: 39 00 N, 22 00 E
- Language: Greek
- Major religion: Orthodox Christian
- Currency: Euro