India lies in south Asia, between Pakistan, China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world's highest mountain chain.
The capital of India is New Delhi, and the country’s largest cities are Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Delhi, and Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).
India is the seventh largest country in the world.
India's population is one billion making it the second most populous country after China.
India is the largest democracy (Government by the people, like the UK is) in the world.
India is mainly an agricultural country, though it also has a large iron and steel industry and produces every type of manufactured goods.
India is in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Map of India
Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E
- total: 3,287,590 sq km
- land: 2,973,190 sq km
- water: 314,400 sq km
Capital City: New Delhi
About 13 million people live in the capital, New Delhi.
Population: 1,065,070,607 (July 2004 est.)
India's population is one billion (one thousand million), making it the second most populous country after China. It is more than three times the population of the United States though its area is only about one-third.
17 major languages, 844 dialects
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The two main religions are Hinduism (80%) and the Muslim religion (10%) but there are also small numbers of Buddhists, Christians, Sikhs, Parsees and Jains.
The Climate in India varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Head of State:
President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh