A food chain always starts with a plant.
(All plants are PRODUCERS.)
A food chain ends with a PREDATOR.
(The predator is at the top of the food chain)
All living things need food to give them the energy to grow and move.
A food chain shows how each living thing gets its food. It shows who is eating who. The arrow means "is eaten by" .
Grass ----> Grasshopper ----> Toad ----> Snake ----> Hawk
Grass is eaten by Grasshopper is eaten by Toad is eaten by Snake is eaten by Hawk
You may be asked to link a plant, which is a producer, to an animal, which feeds on it and is known as a consumer and then to another animal, also a consumer, which feeds on the first animal.
Always use an arrow which points from the producer to the consumer
nettle -----> caterpillar -----> bird
Sats Questions on Food Chains
Interactive Chain Reaction - Eco Kids
Information about Food Chains
Independance and Adaptation
BBC Science Clips
Food Chain Quiz