River Study - River Darent
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Shoreham

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Shoreham is a village in the valley of the River Darent.

Valleys
Stones and gravel grind the river's bed, gouging out a narrow V-shaped channels. In areas of softer rock, such as sandstone and chalk, rivers erode the rock more quickly and dramatically than in areas of hard rock , such as granite.

The name Shoreham is thought to mean estate at the foot of a steep slope. The Saxon word for steep slope was scor. pronounced shor, but written sore by Norman scribes.

There used to be a Victorian paper mill at Shoreham. Papermaking was the local industry until the mill finally closed in 1925. Paper Mills need a lot of water and so they are often found alongside rivers. Historically the river Darent was always important for paper making due to the clean water and proximity to London.

Bridge and the old ford.

The remains of a Roman Bath house were discovered in Shoreham in the 1980s. This, together with the already well-known Roman Villa remains at Lullingstone, suggest a significant Roman settlement on the banks of a navigable river. Unlike today, the river Darent used to be deep enough for the Romans to sail up the river to Shoreham from the river Thames.

Did you know?
Shoreham was the most bombed village in the United Kingdom during the Second World War.

The Source Westerham Brasted
Sundridge Chipstead Otford
Shoreham Lullingstone Roman Villa Eynsford
Farningham Horton Kirby - Features of a river Dartford
Dartford Factories Salt Marshes Mouth
 
Human Influence Deposition Meander
Erosion Measuring the river

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© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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