River Severn

Primary Homework Help
The River Severn

A Key Stage 2 Resource for Rivers and Coasts

 
 
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River Severn at Ironbridge Gorge

The gorge was cut by flood waters left behind by retreating ice at the end of the last ice age, about 15,000 years ago.

image: river Severn
Looking towards the Power Station

This area is considered to be the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. From 1986 the area has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

image: river

In 1709 Abraham Darby pioneered the use of coke rather than charcoal to smelt iron from a blast furnace in Coalbrookdale. This iron was used to build the Iron Bridge.

image: bridge at ironbridge
The Iron Bridge at Coalbrookdale

Iron Bridge was built over the River Severn at Coalbrookdale, Shropshire in 1779. It was the first arch bridge in the world to be made out of cast iron, a material which was previously far too expensive to use for large structures.

image: bridge
The Iron Bridge at Coalbrookdale

Railway parts such as cylinders, iron wheels and rails were first made here.

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Map of Ironbridge

The town around the bridge is now called 'Ironbridge'.

image: view from bridge
View from the bridge, looking upstream.
Power Station is round the corner

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Key Vocabulary

Gorge
A steep sided valley that has almost vertical sides which cuts into the landscape like a narrow channel.

 
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