Winnie the Pooh sails the Thames The River Thames
From Source to Sea

Map of Thames Estuary Thames Estuary

Tilbury Fort Sign

Tilbury Fort over looks the River Thames
Looking towards London, Gravesend is on the left and the fort is on the right.

Tilbury Fort was built to protect the approach up the Thames to London from enemy ships. Replacing an earlier Tudor fort, it is one of the largest and best-preserved examples of seventeenth-century military engineering in England. It is now an English Heritage visitor attraction.

Water Gate
Water Gate
Tilbury Fort
The ornate Water Gate of Tilbury Fort
was built in 1683.
Fort with Tilbury Power station in the background.

Temporary fortifications existed on the site of Tilbury Fort during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, to guard the Tilbury to Gravesend Ferry. The first permanent fort, a two-storey D-shaped blockhouse, was built during the reign of Henry VIII to prevent enemy ships sailing up the Thames to attack London. The narrowness of the river at this point brought ships close to the shore where guns were ranged along the river’s edge.

Map of Tibury Fort
Reconstruction drawing of the fort as it might have appeared in 1725.

In 1588 Elizabeth I visited her army camped near the fort in preparation for the expected invasion from the Spanish Armada.

Tilbury (Essex) Gravesend (Kent)

Millennium Dome
Summary - from source to sea


Start of Voyage down the Thames Contents Page Introduction
Facts about the Thames Flooding Thames Basin
Pollution Erosion Tributaries


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©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

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I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.