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Primary Homework Help
The Romans

by Mandy Barrow
WW ll
Roamn Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two
500 BC
AD 43
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Roman Auxiliaries


Auxiliary soldiers were recruited from non-Roman tribes. Their name means 'helpers', and they assisted the Roman legionary troops by providing extra manpower and specialised fighting techniques.

The term auxiliaries comes from the latin word 'auxilia' (help).

The Auxiliary soldiers provided the army's cavalry and light infantry; the soldiers received citizenship when they retired.

Auxiliary regiments (large groups of Auxiliay soldiers) were attached to a legion, and normally there would be the same number of auxiliaries as legionaries in the resulting group. The legion's commanding officer was in control of the whole group.

RomanWhat was the job of the Roman Auxiliary?

The job of the auxiliaries in battle was to protect the legions by fighting in front of, or to the side of them. Auxiliaries often had special skills such as horse riding and archery.


There were different sorts of auxiliary troops. Light infantry soldiers had just a few weapons. Cavarly soldiers rode horses.

Mounted infantry

Roman Cavalry

The mounted infantry were recruited from tribes which had a good tradition of horsemanship.



Most auxiliaries wore a simple mail or scale shirt over their tunic. Some also wore leather or woolen trousers.

Auxiliaries wore similar helmets to those worn by legionaries. The shield was usually made from leather and wood and was oval shaped.


The auxiliaries included archers, recruited from Syria, Scythia (the Black Sea) and Crete.


Auxiliary Regiments

Each regiment was commanded by a prefect (praefectus) or tribune, who answered to the legionary commanders.

Auxiliary Regiment names

Like the legions, auxiliary units had numbers and names. The most common part of the name showed where the unit was originally raised.

We made up a regiment name for Year 4 in our school. We decided it would be called:

Woodlandia IV Edwardius (IV because Year 4)

Our regiments name includes the home of ourregiment (school name) and our leader (headteacher). We added "ius" or "ia" at the end of the names to make them sound more Roman like.

Roman Soldiers Roman Army Roman Officers
Equipment Soldier's weapon Armour
Artillery Standard Bearers Formations
Roman Auxiliary Army Training Roman Shields
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All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK