Roman soldiers were fighting men, first and foremost. Constant and rigorous training kept them at peak conditions, and ready for action at any time.
Part of the army's training was a twenty Roman miles (18.4 miles) march (to be completed in five hours) carrying a full pack of weapons, shield, food rations, a cooking pot and a short spade, along with their personal kit.
Soldiers marched 20 miles a day carrying this kit
Roman soldiers attended weapons training every morning.
Soldiers trained with wickerwork shields and wooden swords
Roman soldiers practised hand-to-hand combat with wooden swords, spears and shields that were deliberately much heavier than those they used in battle.
They trained with dummy swords and javelins made of wood. A javelin is a light spear that is thrown by hand.
Along with the basic training exercises that a soldier learned during training they also learned specific drills and formations.