History  
 
Roaman Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two
BC
43
450
793
1066
1485
1603
1714
1837
1939
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Georgian Britain Timeline for kids

 

By the Act of Succession of 1701, on the death of Queen Anne the throne passed to her nearest Prostestant relative. This proved to be George, Elector of Hanover german flag, the great-grandson of James I.

During this period the United Kingdom is created when Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and Ireland are formally joined under the Act of Union in 1801.

Visit our Hanovarian Monarchy page for more information about the Hanovarian Kings and Queens

Hanovarian Timeline

Georgian Britain

1714
George of Hanover, Germany succeeds Queen Anne to the Throne
1721 - 1742
Sir Robert Walpole becomes the first Prime Minister
1727

11 January George I dies and is succeeded by his son George II

1739

19 October Britain declares war on Spain

1740 - 1744
British naval commander George Anson sails around the world
1742
13 April Handel's 'Messiah' gets its first performance, in Dublin
1743

27 June George II becomes the last British monarch to take part in a battle when he commanded the British Army at the Battle of Dettingen

1745

23 July 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' lands in Scotland to claim the British throne
Charles Edward Stuart, or 'Bonnie Prince Charlie', was the grandson of the deposed James II.

1746
16 April 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' is defeated at the Battle of Culloden
1756- 1763
May 1756 The Seven Year War with France begins
1757
First canal in Britain is completed
1759
James Wolfe captures Quebec and adds Canada to the British Empire
Robert Clive brings India under British rule
1760
25 October George III succeeds his grandfather George II
1769
James Cook becomes the first European to land on New Zealand
1770
James Cook 'discovers' the south east coast of Australia, landing in Botany Bay.
1771

'Factory Age' begins with the opening of Britain's first cotton mill

1773

16 December Boston Tea Party

1775

18 April American War of Independence begins

1776
America declares independence from Britain on July 4 1776
1778
Parliament passes the Catholic Relief Act, which removes many of the traditional restrictions on Catholics in Britain.
1779
World's first cast iron bridge built in Ironbridge, England

 1780's

Industrial Revolution begins
1780

2 - 11 June Gordon Riots break out in protest against the Catholic Relief Act
These were amongst the worst riots in English history.

1783
Steam powered cotton mill invented by Sir Richard Arkwright
1787
13 May First fleet of convicts sails to Australia
1788
1 January First edition of 'The Times' of London is published
1789
14 July French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille
1793

1 February Britain goes to war with France
War continued until the final defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

1796

Edward Jenner invents a vaccination against small pox
1800

1 January Act of Union creates the United Kingdom
Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and Ireland were formally joined under the Act of Union to create the United Kingdom in 1801.

1801

The first census. Population of Britain 8 million
1801

10 March Britain holds its first census

1804

 
Richard Trevithick builds the first steam locomotive
1805

 

 

21 October Lord Nelson defeats Napoleon at the Battle of Trafalgar

1807

25 March Britain abolishes the slave trade

1815
18 June Duke of Wellington defeats Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo
1820
29 January George III dies after occupying the throne for 60 years and is succeeded by his son George IV.
1825

27 September World's first steam locomotive passenger service opens between Stockton and Darlington

1829

June 1829 - Robert Peel set up the Metropolitan Police force
1830
26 June George IV dies and is succeeded by his brother William IV
1831
October - Riots break out over the parliamentary Reform Bill
1832

4 June Great Reform Act changes parliamentary representation
The Great Reform Act made important changes to parliamentary constituencies and extended the franchise (those allowed to vote), but did not introduce parliamentary democracy or a secret ballot.

1833

Factory Act restricts work hours for women and children
Under the terms of the act, mill owners were required to show that children up to age 13 received two hours of schooling, six days per week.

1833

31 July Parliament passes a bill to abolish slavery in the British empire

1834

The Poor Law set up workhouses, where people without homes or jobs could live in return for doing unpaid work.

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