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Victorian Timeline for Kids

 

Victoria reigned for more than 60 years, longer than any other British monarch.
20 June 1837 - 22 January 1901.

Her reign was a period of significant social, economic and technological change, which saw the expansion of Britain's industrial power and of the British empire.

Read more about the Victorian life in Britain

1837

VictoriaVictoria becomes Queen at the age of 18 after the death of her uncle, William IV.

1838

Charles Dickens' 'Oliver Twist' is published

1838

1 August: Slavery is abolished in the British empire
In 1834, slaves in the British empire started a period of 'apprenticeship', during which they were obliged to work without pay for their former owners. When the apprenticeship period ended in 1838, over 700,000 slaves were freed in the British Caribbean. Plantation owners received about £20 million in government compensation for the loss of their slaves. The former slaves received nothing.

1838

17 September: London-Birmingham line opens.
It was the first railway line into London, with passengers disembarking in the newly-designed Euston station.

1840

peeny stamp
10 January: The first postage stamps (Penny Post) comes into use

1840

June: Vaccination for the poor is introduced

1842

June: Income tax is introduced for the first time during peacetime
Income tax was levied at a rate of 7d (three pence) in the pound.

1842
MineMines Act ends child labour
1845 - 1849
Ireland suffers the Great Potato Famine when entire crops of potatoes, the staple Irish food, are ruined. The famine was a consequence of the appearance of blight, the potato fungus. About 800,000 people died as a result of the famine. A large number of people migrated to Britain, the United States, Canada and Australia.

1850s

post boxThe first post boxes were built
1851
1 May: The Great Exhibition opens
Census showed just over half of Britain's population (of 20 million) lived in towns
1854- 1856
Crimean War
The Crimean War was fought between the Russians and an alliance of the British, French and Turks who feared Russian expansion in the Balkans.
1854
A cholera epidemic led to demands for a clean water supply and proper sewage systems in the big cities
1856
Britain defeats Russia in the Crimean War
1857
The Indian Mutiny
1858
India came under direct British government control when the remaining authority of the East India Company was dissolved.
1859

Charles Darwin's 'On the Origin of Species' is published

1860
The first public flushing toilet opens
1861
14 December: Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, dies aged 42
Albert's premature death from typhoid plunged Victoria into a long period of mourning and withdrawal from public life.
1862
The first London trams
1863
London undergroundLondon Underground opens
The foundation of the Football Association
1866
Alice in Wonderland
1868
Joseph Lister discovers disinfectant

1868

The last public hanging

1869

The first Sainsbury's shop open in Dury Lane, London
1870
Education Act means school for everyone
1871
Queen Victoria opens the Albert Hall
1872

18 July: Voting by secret ballot is introduced

1876

1 May: Victoria is declared empress of India

1876
First TelephoneAlexander Bell invented the telephone
Primary education was made compulsory
1877
The first public electric lighting in London
1880

2 August: Education becomes compulsory for children under ten

1881

17 January: Sir William Armstrong's home at Cragside in Rothbury (Northumberland) becomes the first to use electric light.
Swan's new electric lamps were powered by water from a local stream through a dynamo-electric generator.

1883
First electric railway

1887

The invention of the gramophone
1891
Free education for every child
1901
Population of Britain 40 million
1901

22 January: Victoria dies and is succeeded by Edward VII
Victoria died at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight at the age of 81.

Click here for Information on the Victorian

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