by Mandy Barrow
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All plants and animals need food which provides the energy they need to live.
Green plants make their own food. They use the energy from the sun to make their own food. Some of this food is used, and some is stored in the roots, stems, and leaves.
Plants are called producers (they make/produce their own food by photosynthesis.)
|Animals cannot make their own food. Animals get their energy and biomass by consuming (eating) other organisms.
|All animals are consumers ( they consume/eat)
All living things need food to give them the energy to grow and move. A food chain shows how each living thing gets its food. It shows who is eating who. The arrow means "is eaten by" .
Grass is eaten by Grasshopper is eaten by Toad is eaten by Snake is eaten by Hawk
A food chain always starts with a green plant ...
...... which is eaten by an animal.
A food chain ends with a predator.
(The predator is at the top of the food chain)
The Sun is very important for all living things, without the sun the plants would not grow, without plants there would be no animals
What are food chains?
Food Chains on Safari
Who eats what? -
Find out what various animals eat.
Food Chain Quiz
Interactive Food Chain activity
A food web consists of many food chains.A food chain only follows just one path as animals find food.
eg: A hawk eats a snake, which has eaten a frog, which has eaten a grasshopper, which has eaten grass.
A food web shows the many different paths plants and animals are connected.
A food web is several food chains connected together.
Food Chains and Food Web
Fun with Food Webs - Build your own
Build Your Own Food Webs
Herbivore - an animal that eats plants. (See photos)
usually a green plant that produces its own food by photosynthesis
kill for food. They are either secondary or tertiary consumers - eg polar bears, golden
Scavenger - a consumer
that eats dead animals (e.g. crab,
crow, vulture, buzzard and hyena.
Food Web - a network of interrelated food chains in a given area
Chain as an Example of a System
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