by Mandy Barrow
Types of walls found on houses
The raw ingredients of brick are sand, clay and water. Before the 1830s these three ingredients were mixed either by hand or by animals driving a heavy roller around a mixing pit.
How to make a brick
The colour of bricks depended on the type of clay used. Before the coming of the railways in Victorian times, bricks were mostly made of local clay.
Until 1800, most bricks were red from the iron in the clay used.
Other colours included:bricks
Colour variation in old bricks also depended on the firing process and where the bricks were placed in the kiln. The bricks nearest the heat turned the darkest in colour and were selected to form patterns (diapers); those furthest from the heat were lighter in colour.
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Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK