Quick Facts about India


The Flag of India

flagIndia lies in south Asia, between Pakistan, China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world's highest mountain chain.


flagThe capital of India is New Delhi, and the country’s largest cities are Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Delhi, and Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).


flagIndia is the seventh largest country in the world. 


flag India's population is one billion making it the second most populous country after China.  


flagIndia is the largest democracy (Government by the people, like the UK is) in the world.


flag India is mainly an agricultural country, though it also has a large iron and steel industry and produces every type of manufactured goods.


flag India is in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan


flag Map of India


flag Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E



  • total: 3,287,590 sq km
  • land: 2,973,190 sq km
  • water: 314,400 sq km

flag Capital City: New Delhi

About 13 million people live in the capital, New Delhi.


flag Population: 1,065,070,607 (July 2004 est.)

India's population is one billion (one thousand million), making it the second most populous country after China. It is more than three times the population of the United States though its area is only about one-third.


flag Languages:

17 major languages, 844 dialects
Click here for more information


flag Religion:

The two main religions are Hinduism (80%) and the Muslim religion (10%) but there are also small numbers of Buddhists, Christians, Sikhs, Parsees and Jains.


flag Climate:

The Climate in India varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north



Federal republic


flag Head of State:

President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam


flag Head of Government:

Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh

last pagenext page

back to the top
email© Copyright - please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

Follow me on Twitter @mbarrow

Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK