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The Romans

by Mandy Barrow
WW ll
Roamn Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two
500 BC
AD 43
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Equipment of a Roman Soldier



The basic equipment of a Roman soldier was:

  • Cassis - helmet
  • Lorica Segmentata - armour
  • Focale and cingulum - scarf and tunic worn under armour
  • Gladius - sword, 18-24 in. long
  • Pilum (plural pila) - medium-length throwing spear
  • Scutum - shield
  • Red Battle Cloak
  • Caligae or military boots
Roman soldier

Soldiers moved from one place to another by marching. Life for soldiers on the move was very hard. At the end of a day's march they had to build a camp.

Roman soldiers carry their equipment

Each soldier carried a his kit (equipment on a pole. He had spare clothes, food rations, a cooking pot, a short spade, a handmill for grinding corn and two wooden stakes to help build a protective fence (palisade).

Soldier carrying his kit

RomanScutum- shield

On the left side of the soldier's body was his trusty shield (scutum). It was a semi-circular shield, designed so that any missiles thrown at the soldier would be deflected to one side. This would mean less effort by the soldier would be needed to defend himself.

Using the shield to defend

soldier behind shieldBack of shield

See more photos of the different types of shields

RomanCaligae - Boots (Sandals)

Roman boots were made of several thicknesses of leather, studded with conical hobnails for marching over rough ground and using on the enemy when he had fallen.

The metal studs on the soles helped prevent the leather wearing down quickly.

Sole of a sandalSandal

Visit the weapons page for more equipment

Label the Roman Soldier

Dress a Roman soldier (external website)

Roman Soldier Roman Army Roman Officers
Equipment Soldier's weapon Armour
Artillery Standard Bearers Formations
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©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK