Header image

Primary Homework Help
The Romans

by Mandy Barrow
WW ll
Roamn Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two
500 BC
AD 43
This site uses cookies. See our Cookie Policy for information

Roman roadRoman Roads


The Romans built the first roads in Britain. They built over 9,000 kilometres of roads. The roads were so well built that you can still see some of them today, 2000 years after they were first built!

Roman Road in Cambridgeshire
Roman Road in Cambridgeshire

Many of our modern day roads are in the same place as Roman ones. You can tell if it is Roman road because it will be straight.

RomanWhy did the Romans build roads?

It was important for the Roman army to be able to move soldiers and all their baggage around the country.

Roman soldiers

RomanWhy did the Romans build straight roads?

They built roads as straight as possible, in order to travel as quickly as they could. Winding roads took longer to get to the place you wanted to go and bandits and robbers could be hiding around bends.

RomanHow did people in Roman times travel around?

People would either ride on horseback, drive carts pulled by oxen, or walk.

RomanWhy were the roads built on a slant?

Roman roads sloped down from the middle to ditches on either side to allow the rain to drain away and not make the road too muddy.

How to build a Roman Road

  1. A surveyor, using a groma, made sure that the land was level and marked out the road with wooden stakes.
  2. An earthen bank, called an agger, was built up to 12 metres wide. The road surface was laid on top of this.
  3. Six to 12 inches (15 - 50 cm) of flint, gravel, stone slabs, or any other hard material available, was laid onto of the agger.
  4. A ditch was dug on either side for drainage.

RomanThe Groma

A groma was a wooden cross with weights hanging from it which gave the Romans a straight line.



RomanFurther information

Diagram of a Roman road and information

Image of a Roman road

Roman Roads
Scroll down to the bottom of the page.

Map of Roman Roads in Britain

How were Roman roads made?

back to the top
email© Copyright - please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

Follow me on Twitter @mbarrow

Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK