Roaman Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two
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Prehistoric Timeline for Kids


Old Stone Age

The first men and women came to Britain over two and a half million years ago. As the climate got warmer at the end of the second ice age, tribes of hunters and gatherers of food, who used simple stone tools and weapons, made their way into Britain. It was normal for them to move from place to place so they could find new resources.

These people left no literature, but they did leave many burial chambers, monuments and artifacts. Stone circles, Neolithic tombs and tools have been found all over the British Isles from the tip of Cornwall in the south to the very north of Scotland.

Britain used to be joined to the European land mass by a land bridge. It is believed that Stone Age man migrated to Britain across the land bridge. Britain became an island separate from the rest of Europe about 8,500 years ago, when melting ice formed the English Channel.

Year What happened in Britain The World
700,000 BC
People migrate to 'Britain' from Europe.
Britain is joined to Europe (no sea in between)
Mammoth, rhino and giant beavers live in 'Britain'
Date of earliest human tools found on Suffolk coast.
130,000 BC
Neanderthal Britain
The dominate human species is Neanderthal.
25,000 BC
Ice Age
Northern Europe and most of modern Britain is plunged into a deep Ice Age
12,000 BC
Beginning of the end of the Ice Age
Re-colonization of Britain by home sapiens.
8,500 BC
Warmer climate led to the growth of forests all over Britain.
6,000 BC
Britain becomes an Island.
The land bridge joining Britain to Europe flooded as the sea level rose
4,200 BC

Farming people arrive from Europe.

First evidence of farming
Farming quickly spread all across the British Isles. Land is cleared, wheat and barley planted , and herds of domesticated sheep, cattle, and pigs raised.

3,000 BC

New Stone Age begins: farming people arrive from Europe.

First stone circles erected.

2,800 BC
First phase of building Stonehenge
2,700 BC
Tools and weapons made from copper
2,100 BC

Bronze Age begins

First metal workers
People learn to make bronze weapons and tools.
Introduction of cremation of the dead and burials in round barrows.

Beaker culture - their name is thought to originate from the distinctive beakers that accompanied their burials. They were farmers and archers. They lived in round huts (similar to the Celts) with a low stone wall for a base. The roof was made of thatch, turf, or hides.

2,000 BC
Stonehenge completed
1650 BC
Trade routes began to form
1200 BC
Small Villages were first formed
Pharaoh Tutankhamen rules Egypt
Romulus and Remus found Rome.
750 BC

Iron Age began
Iron replaces bronze as most useful metal.

Population about 150,000.

Birth of Prince Siddhartha Gautama. He later became Buddha
Rome expels kings and becomes a republic.
500 BC
The Celtic people arrive from Central Europe.
The Celts were farmers and lived in small village groups in the centre of their arable fields. They were also warlike people. The Celts fought against the people of Britain and other Celtic tribes.

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Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK